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How to spot and treat Feline Lower Urinary Tract Diseases

By Rachel Mulheron, Director helpucover

Guarding your cat against illness is not easy, but being aware of potential problems and what you can do to help is essential. Feline lower urinary tract disease (FLUTD) affects nearly 3% of cats in the UK.  The variety of causes means it can be difficult to diagnose, but if left untreated it can be fatal.

Here are some tips to help you spot the warning signs in time:

What are the causes?

FLUTD is the term used to describe conditions that can affect the urinary bladder and/or urethra (the lower urinary tract) of cats. It can be complex in terms of diagnosis and treatment.

Bladder stones and infections are the most common cases, along with idiopathic cystitis (inflammation of the bladder) and urethral obstruction, caused by stones, organic debris or tumours.

Idiopathic cystitis account for around two thirds of all FLUTD cases. There is no specific diagnosis for this case, so it must be done through an elimination process. This includes analysis of urine samples, bladder X-rays and ultrasounds.

Which cats are most at risk?

Due to the assortment of causes, any age, breed and gender can be affected. However, those most susceptible are; middle-aged cats, neutered cats, overweight cats and cats on a dry diet. Male cats are almost exclusively those affected by urethral obstruction, due to having a much narrower urethra.

What are the warning signs?

The main warning signs include dysuria (difficulty urinating) and frequent attempts to urinate.  In some cases, blood can be present in the urine.

FLUTD can cause irritability in cats. As the disease progresses they can start to vomit and become depressed and lethargic.

If your cat is displaying any of these tell-tale signs take them to a vet. In the case of males unable to urinate, you must make an immediate

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